The budget proposes trimming EPA's FY 2013 budget by $105 million, marking the third year running that the Administration has proposed cutting the agency's funding. The FY 2013 budget would give EPA $8.3 billion, down 1.2 percent from the $8.4 billion that Congress provided the agency in the FY 2012 omnibus spending bill. The most significant cuts would be dealt to the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund and Clean Water State Revolving Fund, which would be cut to $2 billion, down from $2.38 billion appropriated in FY 2012 (the Clean Water State Revolving Fund would be cut $0.291 billion, receiving $1.175 billion; the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund would be cut $68 million from FY 2012 levels to $850 million). The State Revolving Funds (or "SRFs" as they are also known) provide grants to States to capitalize their own State-run revolving funds, which provide loans to support improvements in municipal wastewater and drinking water systems.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (Links to USDA Budget Summary and Annual Performance Plan (PDF) and OMB's USDA budget appendix)
The President's budget proposal calls for significant mandatory and discretionary spending reductions across numerous USDA programs, and proposes to eliminate some programs entirely. At the agency-wide level, the budget would provide $23.9 billion in FY 2013 discretionary funding to support USDA programs, a decrease of $3.2 billion from the FY 2010 enacted level. The USDA budget proposal has been analyzed in detail in other places (including this blog and by the National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition in this fine, comprehensive summary). Suffice it to say for the purposes of this overview, the budget plan proposes significant changes in USDA's Farm Bill programs, including the eventual elimination of the Federal direct-payment subsidy program, reduction in Federal subsidies for crop and income insurance, and significant cuts to natural resource conservation programs.
The budget proposal requests $4.7 billion for the Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works budget, down $271 million from what the agency actually received in FY 2012. That federal funding would consist of $3.744 billion from the general fund, $848 million from the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund, $95 million from the Inland Waterways Trust Fund and $44 million from Special Recreation User Fees. Under the 2013 plan, funding will be allocated for Operation and Maintenance ($2.398 billion), Construction ($1.471 billion), and Mississippi River and Tributaries (essentially Lower Mississippi River navigation activities; $234 million). Some of the more notable Mississippi River Basin proposed spending projects in the budget plan include (alphabetically):
- Coralville Lake Operations and Maintenance, Iowa City, Iowa ($4,235,000)
- Farm Creek Reservoir Operations & Maintenance, East Peoria, Illinois ($457,000)
- Humboldt, Iowa, Ecosystem Restoration ($230,000)
- Illinois River Basin Restoration Planning (three-state area) ($400,000)
- Illinois Waterway Operations & Maintenance ($32.727 million)
- Inspection of Completed Works; Rock Island District ($728,000)
- Lake Red Rock Operations and Maintenance, Knoxville, Iowa ($4.579 million)
- Lock and Dam 27, Mississippi River, Illinois (funded to completion)
- Lockport Lock and Dam, Upper Pool, Illinois ($3,600,000)
- Louisiana Coastal Area, Ecosystem Restoration, Louisiana ($16.8 million)
- Mississippi River Operations & Maintenance (Rock Island District) ($56.758 million)
- Missouri River Fish and Wildlife Recovery (seven states) ($90 million)
- Olmsted Locks and Dam, Illinois and Kentucky ($144 million)
- Saylorville Lake Operations and Maintenance, Des Moines, Iowa ($5.489 million)
- Upper Mississippi River Restoration (Environmental Management Program) ($17.88 million)
The Department of Interior’s overall FY 2013 budget request is $11.5 billion, representing an increase of $97.9 million over the FY 2012 enacted spending level. At $1.1 billion, the USGS FY 2013 budget request likewise is slightly ($34.5 million) higher than the FY 2012 level. Notably, the budget would provide an increase of $51.0 million to fund USGS research in areas such as Asian Carp research (increased $3 million), disaster response, hydraulic fracturing (or "fracking"), coastal and ocean stewardship and ecosystem restoration.
Although not an existing program or housed within a specific Federal institution, the Administration's proposed "National Infrastructure Bank" is significantly spotlighted in the Obama budget plan and has the potential to substantially impact water infrastructure-related funding nationwide (funding, for example, relating to currently SRF-supported water projects highlighted above). The OMB notes in its description of the initiative that the Bank would be "led by infrastructure and financial experts" and "would offer broad eligibility and unbiased selection for transportation, water and energy infrastructure projects." The bank would offer loans with the same interest rate as similar U.S. Treasury securities and would have a life span of up to 35 years.