|Projected average air temperature changes - Midwest|
- The composition of the region’s forests will change as rising temperatures drive habitats for many tree species northward; and
- Extreme rainfall events and flooding should continue, causing erosion, declining water quality, and negative impacts on transportation, agriculture, human health, and infrastructure
- Agricultural areas in southern Louisiana with shallow groundwater tables are at risk of increased inundation and future loss of cropland; and
- Forest disturbances caused by insects and pathogens will be altered by climate changes due to factors such as increased tree stress, shifting phenology, and altered insect and pathogen life cycles; however, adaptation strategies are limited, except through post-epidemic management responses
- Landscape fragmentation is increasing, and such a highly-fragmented landscape will hinder adaptation of species when climate change alters habitat composition and timing of plant development cycles;
- Changes to crop growth cycles due to warming winters and alterations in the timing and magnitude of rainfall events will continue, creating the need for new agriculture and livestock management practices; and
- Existing adaptation and planning efforts are inadequate to respond to projected climate change impacts, since the magnitude of expected changes will exceed those experienced in the last century.